Causes of Flood in Pakistan

 

Introduction

 

Causes of Flood in Pakistan: As Pakistan recovers from one of the worst floods in its history, survivors wonder why more has not been done to prepare vulnerable communities for so long. The scale of the devastation following a record heat wave in South Asia in May has sparked calls for compensation from rich nations ahead of a United Nations climate summit in November.

Nineteen-year-old Maryam Jamali is facing her worst nightmare. In their village, Choki Jamali, located in the southwest of Balochistan province, all the mud-covered houses collapsed. His elderly grandmother was one of the last evacuees of the family: she was run over by a tractor.

“There is water everywhere,” Jamali told The New Humanist by phone, not just weeks of continuous torrential rain, but waves of water moving upwards. “Some of these irrigation canals are not built properly yet, but water flows through them and cuts left to right,” he explained.

At least 12 dams in the governorate broke during the summer. The county government denied the corruption allegations, saying the abuses were the result of heavy rain. Large checkpoints had to be opened near the village of Jamali to prevent local groups from turning into rivers. His father, who coordinates relief operations in his village, ordered boats to rescue people as quickly as possible.

Floods in Pakistan since mid-June have inundated nearly a third of the country. As of September 4, at least 1,314 people have died and nearly 33 million, or one in seven Pakistanis, have been directly affected. Satellite images show how the floods turned most of the Punjab and Sindh provinces into inland lakes.

 

Causes of Flood in Pakistan: Climate change is not the only cause

 

In 2010, severe flooding in Pakistan killed more than 1,500 people, prompting the United Nations to launch its largest ever disaster appeal, totaling more than $2 billion. Now, some flood victims, many of whom still live in vulnerable areas, wonder why no effort has been made to protect their communities from flooding in the past decade. “We kept crying after the 2010 floods,” said 45-year-old Fauzia Ehsan. “We kept telling the local authorities that if there was another flood, it would take years to rebuild. Look where we are now. I don’t know how to go.”

In an interview with The New Humanitarian last week in Ramzanpur, Sindh, as he faced flooding from the Indus River, Ehsan asked: ‘The rain has already destroyed our cities and our drainage system. The death toll from the disaster could be higher than in 2010 and experts say the damage will be even greater this time. Geologist Hasan Aftab said that there were four times more floods than in 2010. In 2010, twice as many people were affected and four times as much economic damage to crops and livestock. Pakistan has received between 625% and 501% above average rainfall since June. Sindh and Baluchistan provinces, which have a population of 60 million, according to the US Weather Service.

 

Floods have wreaked havoc in 24 districts of Sindh province.

 

This time the province of Sindh was hit by unusual and unexpected rains. The worst floods in history have caused widespread destruction in 24 counties of the state. 30 million homes have been destroyed and need to be rebuilt. Talking about the program organized at Clifton Islamic University to help the flood victims, the program director said that the main problem is rehabilitation and reconstruction of the victims. Legal expert Murtaza Wahab said that Pakistan has become the country most affected by global warming and climate. American Consulate General Derek Cholet, Clifton Islamic University President Mufti Abubakar Muhyiddin, Cardinal Joseph Coates and religious and social leaders of various religions participated in the ceremony.

Jurist Murtaza Wahab said that agriculture, the main source of employment in the rural areas, was completely destroyed after the floods, as was the livelihood of the people. Expressing concern over the current situation, he said that these people need to be rehabilitated as soon as possible and the government should take all possible steps for this. He said that America stands with Pakistan in this difficult time.

Mayor Karachi welcomed the aid given by the US to the flood victims and thanked the US government for coming to the aid of Pakistan. He said that now is the time to bring people together again. He said that people need our help, Sindh is in difficult times and the people of Sindh are in dire need of relief and help.

 

Urban Floods: Karachi Incident

 

In this monsoon season, till August 27, the rains in Karachi were much less than before. However, roads turned into rivers, cars and homes were washed away, and more than 30 people drowned or were swept away. However, the average daily rainfall on August 27 was higher than the previous 92 years. All settlements were destroyed. This raises two questions. First, why was Karachi a disaster despite the lack of rain, and second, was the heavy rain on August 27 related to climate change?

 

Population growth and lack of investment in sanitation

 

The rainwater drains of Karachi meet: Causes of Flood in Pakistan

The two seasonal rivers, Lyari and Malir. That was the also “Causes of Flood in Pakistan” and both are located at the foot of the Kirthar mountain range and run parallel to each other at a distance of 14-20 km. Sixty-eight storm drains carry water from the watersheds to these two rivers. More than 600 channels flow in these channels. Before independence in 1947, Karachi had a population of only 450,000. Now it is more than 15 million. The city’s sewage system consists mainly of underground septic tanks, with sewage treated biologically in sewage gardens.

 

Who is responsible for Karachi floods? “Causes of Flood in Pakistan.”

 

Karachi, Pakistan’s most populous city, was hit by torrential rains that flooded the neighborhood and streets. Why is the economic situation in the country so critical?

“I had to walk about five hours to get home from work. I didn’t,” said Saad Ahmed Shah of a financial institution. A senior officer in Karachi told DW. “Some of my teammates are still stuck in the office because they haven’t been able to go home this season.

At least 41 people were killed in the worst torrential rains in Karachi in nearly a century, city officials said on Friday. The country’s National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA) said the floods had completely inundated many districts and inundated low-lying slums, leaving thousands of people stranded. Citizens were without electricity and mobile phone lines for hours. During the next 48 hours, heavy rains are likely in southern and southwestern Pakistan, which could cause more devastation. Citizens blamed the authorities for this dire situation, saying that preparations were not made before the regular start of the monsoon.

 

The Blame Game

 

Last year, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) ranked the city of about 15 million people among the 10 least livable cities in the world. The 2019 Global Quality of Life Index released by The Economist Group’s research and analysis division. Since the late 1980s, Karachi has been largely subject to the United National Movement (MQM). A party representing Urdu-speaking immigrants from the Indo-Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), which is more popular in rural areas of southern Sindh. The MQM takes power in rural areas while the PPP leads in rural areas. Both sides continue to accuse each other of neglecting the city. However, after heavy rain in the city, the MQM and the PPP were attacked for their unwillingness to deal with the situation.

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